In 2007–08 Roughly three Percent of elderly people were admitted to hospital as a consequence of a fall. In that exact same year, 70 percent of those 65 years and above were admitted into hospital.
Falls are common among elderly people. It’s estimated that at least one-third of individuals aged 65 Years and over fall a couple of times per year. Although many of those falls don’t lad to injury, they could cause:
- Hip and wrist fractures
- Hip and shoulder dislocations
- Head injuries and abrasions
- Bruising and sprains
- Fear of falling that may lead to lack of confidence and Restriction of actions
Older people are nearly 12 times more likely to have a fall than a pedestrian or automobile accident, so therefore if you are someone older or you have a loved one that is elderly it may be good to consider falls prevention training to reduce their risk.
What causes people to fall
There are a number of variables which contribute to your threat of falling as you grow old, such as
- Changes in your body like eyesight issues and reduction of feeling
- Slimming muscles and stiffening joints
- New health issues
- Side effects from the medicine — particularly if you’re taking five or more medications
- Sensory and equilibrium issues
- Not doing enough physical activity
- Inadequate diet and not drinking enough water
- Low calcium — raises the possibility of experiencing a fracture in the event you do collapse
- Sore feet or dangerous shoes
- Trip risks like carpets or floor mats, irregular surfaces and bad lighting in home or outside.
- A temporary illness, like the flu or another disease, or recovering from operation may also temporarily raise your chance of falling.
The Way to prevent falls
Contrary to popular belief, falls aren’t inevitable and Many elderly people can be prevented from falling. Some risk factors for falls are comparatively simple to alter and, where drops occur, the severity of accidents can be lessened.
Step one would be to make sure that if someone is feeling unsteady or has recently had a fall; even one that doesn’t lead to an injury, an appointment is made to share this with a physician. Falls may be a sign of an underlying health issue and they may require healthcare equipment to reduce their risk
- To prevent falls and injuries from falls:
- Take action to enhance security in and around your property.
- Look out for your wellbeing; Stay up to date with regular health checks, eat a wholesome diet, and exercise to increase your balance, strength and endurance.
- Try to keep busy — group or home exercise plans and tai chi are great alternatives.
- Wear shoes that are comfortable and fit nicely — they ought to be broad enough at the toe region, have no or low heels, and also have slip-resistant soles.
Improve safety inside
By increasing security in the home you lower Your risk of falling:
- Have good light, particularly between the bedroom and the bathroom or toilet at night and close to any inner stairs. Replace light globes using CFL energy efficient lighting globes of 12 watts or greater. Use plug-in night-lights and also have movement-sensitive lights near stairs along with the toilet. These lights are available from many hardware shops.
- Eliminate clutter and make sure paths and corridors are retained clear and well lit.
- Repair or replace carpeting with worn out places, holes or lengthy threads.
- Check that rugs and mats are secure and Don’t Have Any tears or wrinkles. Put adhesive strips on all rugs and mats, including those from the restroom.
- Ensure That beds and chairs are hardy and easy to get Into and from, and that chairs and tables don’t have sharp corners.
- Wipe up spills immediately.
- Install grab rails in the bathroom (towel rails Aren’t Usually powerful enough to use as grab rails). Toilet tiles could be slippery, particularly when wet.
- Install support railings near measures if there’s absolutely no hand rail.
- To Decrease the risk of falling in a crisis, make sure Your home has smoke alarms in working order and a fire blanket or extinguisher that’s simple to reach.
- Avoid wearing clothing That’s too lengthy or touching the Floor, since this may make you trip over (as an instance, your dressing gown).
- Don’t wear loose or socks blouse around the house.
- Request an occupational therapist in ways to Create Your Property safer.
Improve safety outside
To increase safety beyond the home to Lower Your risk of falling:
- Clear off garden tools.
- Prevent using ladders, or ask someone for help if you need to get something at elevation (such as reaching to a top shelf in the cabinet, or changing a light bulb).
- Eliminate mosses, fungi and lichen which make garden paths Slippery when wet.
- Mark the top edge of external steps (for Instance, with white paint) so they’re simple to see.
- Install grab rails alongside stairs that don’t have hand rails.
- Ensure outside steps are well lit.
- Keep paths nicely swept.
- Repair broken, cracked or irregular paths, patios and other walking surfaces.
- Report cracked footpaths to the neighbourhood council.
- Wear sunglasses and a hat to decrease sunlight glare.